Ban the Use of Drones as Weapons

Everyone who followed the withdrawal of American troops from Afghanistan was
horrified by the drone attack, called
a “tragic mistake” by the Pentagon, which killed ten members of a single family,
including 7 children.

Zemari Ahmadi, who worked for Nutrition and Education International, a U.S.-based
aid organization, became the target because he drove a white Toyota, went to
his office, and stopped to pick up containers of clean water for his extended
family. Those actions, deemed suspicious by the drone surveillance program and
its human handlers, were enough to identify Ahmadi falsely
as an ISIS-K terrorist and place him on the kill list for that day.

It would be comforting to think that the Ahmadi killing was one of those one-in-a-thousand
tragic affairs from which no conclusion could be drawn, but such a belief would
itself be a mistake. In fact, as many as one-third
of people killed by drone strikes have been found to be civilians.

While it is difficult to get an accurate count of deaths resulting from drone
strikes, there are many documented reports of civilians having been mistakenly
targeted and killed.

Rights Watch
found that the 12 men killed and 15 injured by a U.S. drone
strike in Yemen in 2013 were members of a wedding party and not militants, as
US officials told journalists they were. In another example, a 2019
US drone strike
targeting an alleged ISIS hideout in Afghanistan mistakenly
targeted 200 pine nut farmers resting after a day’s work, killing at least 30
and injuring 40 more.

US drone attacks, initiated in 2001 when George W. Bush was president, have
increased dramatically – from approximately 50 total during the Bush years
to 12,832
confirmed strikes
in Afghanistan alone during Trump’s presidency. In the
last year of his presidency, Barack Obama acknowledged that drones
were causing civilian deaths
. “There’s no doubt that civilians were killed
that shouldn’t have been,” he said.

The escalation paralleled the transition of the war in Afghanistan from maintaining
large numbers of US ground troops to a reliance on air power and drone attacks.

A primary rationale for the change in strategy was reducing the threat of US
casualties. But no attempt to reduce the deaths of American soldiers should
also cause more parents, children, farmers, or other civilians to die. Suspicion
of terrorism, particularly based on faulty intelligence, cannot justify execution,
nor can the desire to save American lives by substituting drones for feet on
the ground.

The use of certain weapons determined to be grossly inhumane, or that fail
to distinguish between military and civilian targets, has already been banned
under international law.

The widespread use of poison gas in World War I caused humanitarian lawyers,
together with civil society, to fight for their prohibition, resulting in the
Geneva Protocol of 1925, which exists to this day. Other weapons have similarly
been banned over the course of the last century, including chemical and biological
weapons, cluster bombs, and landmines. While not all countries are parties to
treaties banning these weapons, most countries honor them, which has saved many

The use of drones as lethal weapons also should be prohibited.

It is important here to note that there are two types of drones used by the
military to target and kill – those that operate as fully autonomous lethal
weapons, using a computer algorithm to determine who lives or dies, and those
operated by humans who are safely ensconced in a military base thousands of
miles away from the people targeted to be killed. The killing of the Ahmadi
family demonstrates that all weaponized drones, whether autonomous or human-directed,
must be banned. There are far too many examples of innocent civilians who were
killed erroneously.

Prohibiting the use of drones as weapons is required by international law.
It also is the right thing to do.

Peter Weiss is a retired international lawyer, former board chair of the
Institute for Policy Studies, and president emeritus of the Lawyers Committee
on Nuclear Policy. Judy Weiss is president of the Samuel Rubin Foundation. Phyllis
Bennis, a Program Director at the Institute for Policy Studies, provided research
assistance. Reprinted with permission from Foreign
Policy In Focus

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Peter Weiss