Developing a flat soliton microcomb source

optical frequency combs, which can generate uniformly spaced frequency combs through optical microcavities. Because of its advantages of high integration, wide spectrum, and high repetition frequency, chip-based microcavity soliton light source has potential applications in large-capacity communication, spectroscopy, microwave photonics, precision measurement, and other fields.

In general, the conversion efficiency of the soliton optical frequency comb is often limited by the relevant parameters of the optical microcavity. Under a specific pump power, the output power of the microcavity single soliton optical frequency comb is often limited. The introduction of an external optical amplification system will inevitably affect the signal-to-noise ratio. Therefore, the flat spectral profile of soliton optical frequency comb has become the pursuit of this field.

Recently, a team led by Dr. Peng Xie from Nanyang Technological University in Singapore has made important progress in the field of multi-wavelength light sources on flat sheets. The research team developed an optical microcavity chip with flat, broad spectrum, and near zero dispersion and efficiently packaged the optical chip in the way of edge coupling (coupling loss is less than 1 dB).

standard deviation), and the flat spectral range occupies 70% of the entire spectral range, covering the S+C+L band.

The research results can be used in high-capacity optical interconnection systems and high-dimensional optical computing systems.

For example, in the large-capacity communication demonstration system based on microcavity soliton comb source, the frequency comb group with large energy difference faces the problem of low SNR, while the soliton source with flat spectral output can effectively overcome this problem and help improve the SNR in parallel optical information processing, which has important engineering significance.

The findings are published in the journal Opto-Electronic Science.

More information:
Xinyu Wang et al, Flat soliton microcomb source, Opto-Electronic Science (2023). DOI: 10.29026/oes.2023.230024

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Developing a flat soliton microcomb source (2024, January 15)
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