Defense Industry Outlook Is Strong

This photograph on April 4, 2023, shows shells at the workshop of the “Forges de Tarbes” which … [+] produces 155mm shells, the munition for French Caesar artillery guns in use by the Ukrainian armed forces, in Tarbes, southwestern France. – Nearly two years after financial hardships which saw The Forges de Tarbes restructure mutliple times and go into receivership, the factory has seen its activity revitalized by the conflict in Ukraine, as demand for 155mm shells outstrips available supply. (Photo by Lionel BONAVENTURE / AFP) (Photo by LIONEL BONAVENTURE/AFP via Getty Images)

AFP via Getty Images

Drawing from my experience analyzing technology trends, I see exciting advancements shaping the defense industry’s future in 2024. The world is ever-changing, and with emerging geopolitical tensions, weapons stock depletion, and increasing global defense spending, the stage is set for significant developments.

Defense Industry Outlook 2024

Markets and Markets

Growth Led by Geopolitical Tensions and Weapon Stock Depletion

As tensions between major powers continue to grow, many nations are increasing their investments in defense capabilities. With weapons stock depletion heightening the need for new and advanced technologies, the defence industry is poised to see significant growth in the coming years.

Geopolitical tensions and weapons depletion are fueling a surge in global defense spending. As per Markets and Markets, the global defense spending was $1.7 trillion in 2022. In terms of GDP, it grew from 2.3% to 2.4% of global GDP from 2022 to 2023. The US, China, Russia, India, and Saudi Arabia contribute 63% of this figure, highlighting the growing focus on national security amidst a complex geopolitical landscape. In Europe, Germany alone has announced an injection of $108.32 billion in defense in response to the ongoing Ukraine-Russia conflict. This translates to one thing for the defense industry: growth.

And the growth is already evident, with one of the key indicators being the booming share price of defense companies. In recent months, several significant players in the industry have seen their stock prices surge, reflecting investor confidence in their future growth prospects. Aerospace & defense giants like Rolls-Royce Holdings enjoyed a 190% return on equity in FY2023, while Lockheed Martin, Airbus, and Northrop Grumman have realized a share price growth of 21%, 26%, and 19%, respectively (Jan 2022 to Feb 2023). Similarly, during the same timeline, Rheinmetall, Saab, and Leonardo have seen a share price growth of 367%, 244%, and 198%, respectively. But the real story lies beyond the established players.

The Next Wave of Defense Technology

The year 2024 will also see the implementation of several exciting new developments in defense technology.

Next-gen counter-drone systems: One such development is the next-gen counter-drone systems with autonomous capabilities. The increasing usage of unmanned systems is driving the defense industry towards further developments, such as manned-unmanned teaming, resulting in enhanced military capabilities with improved soldier safety and efficiency.

Electrification of military vehicles: Electric versions of military vehicles are being developed, indicating the migration of defense platforms to the electric format. According to MarketsandMarkets analysis, the military vehicle electrification market is estimated to reach $20.4 billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 25.6 % from 2023 to 2030.

Investments in AI: Defense forces are engaging more with startups and are increasingly investing in AI. The U.S. DoD has requested $1.8 billion (2024 budget request) for AI, and China is spending $1.6 billion yearly on AI-enabled systems. The U.S. Air Force is developing AI-driven unmanned combat aircraft, creating a point of convergence for ongoing efforts focused on manned-unmanned teaming in its operations. With these investments in new technology, the defense industry is positioning itself for faster innovation and enhanced productivity.

Soldier-assisting quadruped robots: Imagine robots carrying supplies or providing medical assistance on the battlefield. This vision is becoming a reality, with quadruped robots being tested and deployed in operations in 2024. This opens up a vast market for companies specializing in robotics and AI.

Space capabilities and missile defense: The investment in space capabilities and situational awareness is becoming a focal point, with developments in hypersonic missile systems and interceptors. This forward-looking approach not only addresses immediate defense needs but also prepares for future security challenges.

High Valuations of Defense Startups

The defense industry isn’t just home to established players. Startups focused on defense technologies are emerging at an incredible pace, with many achieving high valuations thanks to the potential of their innovative products. Anduril, alongside EPIRUS, HawkEye 360, Palantir, Rebellion, and Shield AI, has joined the ranks of the defense unicorns, disrupting the industry with groundbreaking technologies. Anduril, for instance, is projected to hit $1 billion in revenue by 2026, showcasing the immense potential of these innovative companies. This trend is further bolstered by the NATO Innovation Fund’s $1 billion commitment to direct and indirect investments in defense startups, highlighting the growing recognition of their disruptive potential.


These are just a few of the exciting developments shaping the defense industry’s future. Beyond the trends mentioned, I’m particularly interested in the rise of autonomous weapons systems and their potential impact on warfare. The coming years will be crucial in establishing responsible regulations and ethical frameworks for their development and deployment. Even though the world seems a bit shaky with all the political drama, it’s the perfect moment for some breakthroughs in tech and strategy. With an ever-changing global landscape, the defense industry is investing in new technologies that will help protect and serve nations worldwide. We’re not just watching history happen; we’re right in the middle of making it. So, how will all these new ideas play out and make a difference in creating a safer future? Well, that remains to be seen!

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