President Emmanuel Macron embarks Saturday on his first official trip to France’s overseas territory of French Polynesia to discuss its strategic role, the legacy of nuclear tests and the existential risk of rising seas due to global warming.
The trip is a chance for Macron to highlight the extent of France’s global footprint through its overseas territories, which extend from the Pacific to the Caribbean to Latin America and the Indian Ocean.
The Pacific, where France also holds the territory of New Caledonia despite two unsuccessful independence referendums in recent years, is of particular strategic importance due to the rising power of China.
But for many, the legacy of nuclear testing is a key issue.
Residents in the south Pacific islands are hoping Macron confirms compensation for radiation victims following decades of nuclear testing as France pursued its atomic sovereignty.
The tests remain a source of deep resentment in French Polynesia, where they are seen as evidence of racist colonial attitudes that disregarded the lives of islanders.
Officials denied any cover-up of radiation exposure at a meeting with delegates from the semi-autonomous territory earlier this month, led by its president, Edouard Fritch.
The meeting came after the investigative website Disclose, citing declassified French military documents on the nearly 200 tests, reported in March that the impact from the fallout was far more extensive than authorities let on.
Only a few dozen civilians have been compensated for radiation exposure since the tests ended in 1996, Disclose said.
“During this visit the president intends to establish a strong and transparent dialogue by encouraging several concrete steps, on the history with the opening of state archives as well as individual compensation,” said an French presidential official, who asked not to be named.
– Vital interests –
Macron, who will be arriving after a visit to the Olympic Games in Tokyo, will also lay out his strategic vision for the South Pacific, where China has made no secret of its push for military and commercial dominance.
Paris made a show of its commitments to the region in June, dispatching three Rafale combat jets, troop transport planes and refuelling jets to Tahiti to prove its air force could intervene on the other side of the world in less than 48 hours.
The month before, French, American and Japanese troops carried out their first joint military drills, on land and at sea off Japan.
US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin has called France an “ideal partner” as Washington seeks stronger regional partnerships to counter China.
Macron “will present the Indo-Pacific strategy and the position France intends to maintain in this increasingly polarised zone”, the Elysee official said.
Macron also plans to address risks for the islands from rising sea levels as well as cyclones that some scientists warn could become more dangerous due to climate change.
He will also tour Hiva Oa, one of the pristine Marquesas islands, which France is pushing to have listed on UNESCO’s list of World Heritage sites.
But his first visit will be with hospital workers racing to distribute Covid vaccines with the military’s help for the roughly 280,000 residents spread among nearly 80 atolls.
Many Polynesians remain wary of getting the jabs, with just 24 percent of adults vaccinated so far, compared with 56 percent with at least one dose across France nationwide.
New Caledonia and the smaller Pacific French territory of Wallis and Futuna have been declared “Covid free”, ruling out a visit by Macron, who would have to be placed in quarantine.
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New generation protests Pacific’s nuclear legacy 75 years on
Majuro (AFP) Marshall Islands (AFP) July 1, 2021
Seventy-five years after the US military began using the Marshall Islands as a nuke testing ground, a new generation fired-up by climate activism is demanding justice.
When the Able atomic bomb was detonated at Bikini Atoll on July 1, 1946, Alson Kelen’s family were among those forced from their palm-fringed ancestral homes.
For decades, complaints were muted. Many accepted at face value promises from the US Navy that they were in no danger and would be safely relocated away from the test site … read more